Epidemiology and air pollution

Cover of: Epidemiology and air pollution |

Published by National Academy Press in Washington, D.C .

Written in English

Read online


  • Air -- Pollution -- Physiological effect.,
  • Epidemiology -- Environmental aspects.,
  • Respiratory organs -- Diseases -- Environmental aspects.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementCommittee on the Epidemiology of Air Pollutants, Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council.
ContributionsNational Research Council (U.S.). Committee on the Epidemiology of Air Pollutants.
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 224 p. :
Number of Pages224
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14089945M

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter."National Research Council. Epidemiology and Air gton, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / The global burden of disease from ambient air pollution is substantial (nearly 8% of all deaths), and increasing with time—largely due to increases in fine particulate matter (PM25) and the number of deaths from non-communicable diseases, especially in large low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) experiencing population growth and ageing.1 Increased awareness of air pollution as a Cited by: 6.

Read chapter Introduction: Epidemiology and Air Pollution Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book.

Get this from a library. Epidemiology and air pollution. [National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on the Epidemiology of Air Pollutants.; United States. Environmental Protection Agency.].

Abstract. This article briefly summarizes the epidemiology of the health effects of fine particulate air pollution, provides an early, somewhat speculative, discussion of the contribution of epidemiology to evaluating biologic mechanisms, and evaluates who's at risk or is susceptible to adverse health by: The book will be useful to Epidemiology and air pollution book, epidemiologists, and graduate students working in the area of air pollution and health and others analyzing similar data.

The authors describe the different existing approaches to statistical modeling and cover basic aspects 2/5(1). This unique textbook examines the basic health and environmental issues associated with air pollution including the relevant toxicology and epidemiology. It provides a foundation for the sampling and analysis of air pollutants as well as an understanding of international air quality regulations.

Statistical Methods for Environmental Epidemiology with R: A Case Study in Air Pollution and Health (Use R!) - Kindle edition by Peng, Roger D., Dominici, Francesca. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Statistical Methods for Environmental Epidemiology with R: A Case Study in Air Cited by: Air Pollution and Health is the first fully comprehensive and current account of air pollution science and it impact on human health.

It ranges in scope from meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and particle physics to the causes and scope of allergic reactions and.

Robert Phalen’s recent book The Particulate Air Pollution Controversy: A Case Study and Lessons Learned addresses the controversy surrounding studies that have reported adverse effects of particulate air pollution on human health and related public policy efforts to reduce exposure and mitigate these health effects.

The latest round of controversy was precipitated with the publication of Author: C Arden Pope. Air Pollution Epidemiology. Exponent scientists have had considerable Epidemiology and air pollution book in the analysis and evaluation of epidemiological and toxicological data on the impact of components of air pollution on human health.

Exponent expertise includes analyses of time-series, cohort (semi-ecologic), case-crossover, and panel studies of air pollution. Exposure to ambient air pollutants, both indoors and outdoors has been associated with the exacerbation and also in the etiology of diverse human diseases.

This book offers an overview of our current understanding of air pollution health risks and how this knowledge is being used in the regulatory. Purchase Air Pollution and Health - 1st Edition.

Print Book & E-Book. ISBNcovering Epidemiology and air pollution book range from sources and measurement through health effects and epidemiology, to cost estimates and air standards. The result is an authoritative and comprehensive review that should be extremely useful to professionals in the.

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@article{osti_, title = {Epidemiology and air pollution. A report of the Committee on the Epidemiology of Air Pollutants, Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council}, author = {Not Available}, abstractNote = {This report examines the role of epidemiology in the study of the health effects of air pollution.

air pollution, contamination of the air by noxious gases and minute particles of solid and liquid matter (particulates) in concentrations that endanger health. The major sources of air pollution are transportation engines, power and heat generation, industrial processes, and the burning of solid waste.

The combustion of gasoline and other. C AIR POLLUTION EPIDEMIOLOGY. Home > ATS Conferences > ATS American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care MedicineVolume Teresa To, Eshetu Atenafu, Jun Guan, Susan McLimont, Brian Stocks, Chris Licskai.

Air Pollution And Allergic Rhinitis In The Epidemiological Study On Genetics And Environment Of Asthma (EGEA. Statistical Methods for Environmental Epidemiology with R book.

Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Advances in statistical methodol /5(8). Air pollution in the modern world, including fine particulate matter less than microns in diameter (PM), is largely derived from anthropogenic sources of fossil fuel combustion (e.g.

coal, oil, and traffic). While well-established to cause pulmonary diseases and cancer, the largest adverse public health effects of PM are due to excess cardiovascular events.

Statistical Methods for Epidemiologic Studies of the Health Effects of Air Pollution EPA Grant Number: RC Subproject: this is subproject numberestablished and managed by the Center Director under grant R (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Background and introduction. Epidemiology exhibits a notoriously poor record with a serious lack of reproducibility of published findings going back at least as far as Feinstein () with continuing complaints: Taubes and Mann,Ioannidis,Kaplan et al.,and Young and Karr (), to name only a the popular press is taking notice of the problems; Taubes ( Cited by: 4.

The methods of molecular epidemiology were widely used in studies on the impact of air pollution to genetic damage in Czechoslovakia. Mining districts in the northwestern region of the Czech Republic were polluted by combustion from power plants and heavy industry, which resulted in one of the worst environmental pollution in Europe [ 77 ].Author: Pavel Rossner, Blanka Binkova, Andrea Rossnerova, Radim ambient air pollution invariably contain specific chemicals known to be carcinogenic to humans.

Recent estimates suggest that the disease burden due to air pollution is substantial. Exposure to ambient fine particles (PM ) was recently estimated to have contributed million premature deaths worldwide indue largely. Presents the fundamentals of air pollution.

This book covers principles and practices of air pollution such as sampling, analysis and control. It also deals with the types, origins, sources, atmospheric movements and effects of air pollution/5(10). Air pollution epidemiology Several Epidemiological studies have consistently associated exposure to ambient air pollution with pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases and cancer.

(Brunekreef et al. Exposure models and simplified conceptualizations of exposure to individuals are often necessary in air pollution epidemiology applications. Exposure models Even with rich data from regulatory monitoring networks, models are needed to predict individual by: Book Description.

Teaches Students How to Perform Spatio-Temporal Analyses within Epidemiological Studies. Spatio-Temporal Methods in Environmental Epidemiology is the first book of its kind to specifically address the interface between environmental epidemiology and spatio-temporal modeling.

In response to the growing need for collaboration between statisticians and environmental. Epidemiology is the method used to find the causes of health outcomes and diseases in populations.

In epidemiology, the patient is the community and individuals are viewed collectively. By definition, epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, and data-driven) of the distribution (frequency, pattern) and determinants (causes, risk.

Air pollution epidemiology has tended to emphasize premature mortality; the NIH database lists over papers with those terms in the title or abstract. But no specific causes of death are uniquely linked to air pollution; studies have focused on.

Environmental epidemiology has, in fact, experienced somewhat of a renaissance during the past 20 years, as public concerns and academic interests have grown regarding the potential health consequences of air, water, soil, and food contaminants, as well as those related to environmental conditions that occur on a global scale, notably climate Author: Harvey Checkoway.

Epidemiology of air pollution and diabetes Article in Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism 26(7) June with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Correia AW, Pope CA 3rd, Dockery DW, Wang Y, Ezzati M, Dominici F.

Effect of air pollution control on life expectancy in the United States: an analysis of U.S. counties for the period from to Epidemiology.

;– Air pollution in Donora, Pa: epidemiology of the unusual smog episode of October preliminary report. Series Title(s): Public health bulletin Author(s): Air Pollution -- adverse effects Smog -- adverse effects Respiratory Tract Diseases -- epidemiology.

@article{osti_, title = {Air pollution in Donora, Pennsylvania: epidemiology of the unusual smog episode of October }, author = {Schrenk, H.H. and Heimann, H. and Clayton, G.D. and Gafafer, W.M. and Wexler, H.}, abstractNote = {The Donora smog episode in which persons (%) were reportedly affected was examined.

Irritation of respiratory tract was the common affliction with. Full text of "Air pollution in Donora, Pa.: epidemiology of the unusual smog episode of October / H.H.

Schrenk, Harry Heimann, George D. Clayton, W.M. other formats. At this seminar, he will present the development and application of these models to predict individual-level exposures for epidemiology studies, in support of improving risk estimation. Breen's research focuses on development of computational models to improve exposure assessments for air pollution epidemiology studies.

The role of air pollution in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains uncertain. The aim was to assess the impact of chronic exposure to air pollution on COPD in four cohorts using the standardised ESCAPE exposure estimates. Annual average particulate matter (PM), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and road traffic exposure were assigned to home addresses using land-use regression Cited by:   Epidemiology offers a way of investigating and measuring potential hazards, from local sources of pollution to global climate changes.

It allows real effects to be distinguished from chance associations. This book describes the methods available for public health practitioners to enable investigations to be carried out and how findings should be interpreted to ensure that the most. outdoor air pollution: epidemiology and mechanisms Home > ATS Conferences > ATS American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care MedicineVolume main pollutants of outdoor air pollution, the report examines the effects of air pollution in general on cancer.

It also highlights future epidemiology research priorities and the policy implications of findings so far. The starting point for this report was research in air File Size: KB. Criteria Air Pollutants. The Clean Air Act requires the U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish national air quality standards for six common air pollutants that are found throughout the United States. EPA refers to these pollutants as “criteria” pollutants because they are regulated by using human health-based and/or environmentally-based criteria to set permissible levels.We performed a literature review to investigate how epidemiological studies have been used to assess the health consequences of living in the vicinity of industries.

77 papers on the chronic effects of air pollution around major industrial areas were reviewed. Major health themes were cancers (27 studies), morbidity (25 studies), mortality (7 studies), and birth outcome (7 studies).Cited by:   Two new books are here to paint a stark and alarming picture.

Air pollution may not be a charismatic menace. Understanding it requires a passing knowledge of .

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